Legal IQ

Legal IQ

1.Dacoity is committed
(a) when two or more persons commit or attempt to commit robbery
(b) when five or more persons conjointly commit or attempt to commit robbery
(c) when robbery is committed with fire-arms or lethal weapons
(d) when seven or more persons are engaged in extortion with arms.

2. Which one of the following statements is correct?
(a) the Constitution gives more importance to the society as a whole
(b) the Constitution is individual centric or individual oriented
(c) the Constitution is social-economic pattern of the society but ignores the individual
(d) the Constitution has not ignored individual but has endeavoured to harmonise the individual interest with permanent interest of the community.

3. Which one of the following is not correct?
(a) Right to equality includes the principles of natural justice
(b) Right to personal liberty includes right to livelihood.
(c) Protection available to accused persons includes protection against ex post facto laws in civil matters
(d) Protection against arrest and detention includes right to consult and to be defended by lawyer of one’s own choice.

4. A contract signed between two countries without specifying as to which country’s law shall govern in cases of dispute
(a) shall be governed by the law of the country where the proposal was made
(b) shall be governed by the law of the country where the contract was concluded
(c) shall be governed by the law of the country which the parties intended to apply, i.e., where the contract is localised
(d) shall be governed by the law where the contract is performed.

5. A retiring partner having purchased his release from the remaining partners
(a) is liable for the tort or some other wrong committed at the time when he was a member only if the action is instituted before his retirement
(b) is liable for the tort or some other wrong committed at the time when he was a partner, if the action is instituted and decided before his retirement
(c) is liable for the tort or some other wrong committed at the time when he was a partner, irrespective of whether the action is instituted before or after his retirement
(d) is not liable for the tort or some other wrong committed at the time when he was a member having purchased his release from the remaining partners.

6. Vicarious liability of master arises
(a) in case of theft of property of a third person bailed to the master
(b) in case of theft of property of a third person not bailed to the master
(c) neither (a) nor (b) as the act of committing theft is not covered
(d) Both (a) and (b) as it makes no difference whether the goods are bailed or not bailed to the master.

7. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
(a) damage done by a person acting under necessity does not result in liability in tort
(b) harm caused by some person who is merely exercising his own legal right, does not result in liability in tort
(c) whenever damage or injury is caused by an act of a person, it gives rise to liability in tort
(d) damage caused by a defamatory statement made under a privilege does not result in a liability in tort.

8. Hindu Marriage Act, 1955
(a) does not prescribe the ceremonies requisite for solemnisation of marriage but leaves it to the parties to choose a form of ceremonial marriage which is in accordance with any custom or usage applicable to either party.
(b) does not prescribe the ceremonies requisite nor leaves it to the parties to choose
(c) does prescribe the ceremonies and does not leave it to the parties to choose
(d) does prescribe the ceremonies and at the same time leaves it to the parties to choose.

9. Which of the following is not a legal effect of a valid Muslim marriage?
(a) The status of woman changes and she is subjected to the husband’s school of law
(b) The status of woman does not change and she is subject to her own pre-marital school of law
(c) neither the husband nor the wife acquires any interest in the property of the other by reason of marriage
(d) Mutual rights of inheritance are established.

10. What is jurisdiction of Lok Adalat?
(a) to determine and to arrive at a compromise or settlement between the parties in respect of pending cases
(b) to determine any matter which falls within the jurisdiction of and is not brought before any court for which Lok Adalat is organised
(c) both (a) and (b)
(d) either (a) or (b).

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