Reasoning the Reason



1. PRINCIPLE: All minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institution of their choice.
FACTS: Md. Yusuf wants to establish an educational institution to help the poor persons of his community and to educate the children of the community. Yusuf being a very, rich man has no problem regarding finance for the institution. Therefore, he applies to the State government to grant him permission to establish and administer the institution. The State government rejects his plea on the ground that said institution will create communal tension in the proposed area. Yusuf has following remedies:

(a) He should file a civil suit in the District court.
(b) He should file a special leave petition before the Supreme Court.
(c) He has no remedy under the law.
(d) He should file a writ petition before the Supreme Court or the High Court.

2. PRINCIPLES: (1) The Constitution is supreme and all laws in violation of the provision of the Constitution are void.
(2) A client can exercise his fundamental right to have a lawyer of his choice, provided that the particular lawyer is in a position to defend him.
FACTS: The Constitution of a country ‘X’ confers upon its citizens the fundamental right to be represented by a lawyer of their own choice in the criminal proceedings. A citizen, Gayaram, accused of a crime, engaged a famous criminal lawyer Tarneja to defend him. Just one day before the trial was to begin, Tarneja’s house was raided by income-tax authorities, and he was detained by them in that connection. Gayaram moved a petition in the court that he was entitled to be represented by Tarneja, and therefore, the latter should be released so as to enable him to argue the former’s case.

(a) Gayaram will succeed because his fundamental right of legal representation is being violated due to detention of the criminal lawyer.
(b) The lawyer is not in a reasonable position to defend him, so his petition would be rejected.
(c) Gayaram can hire any other lawyer, many others are available.
(d) None of the above.

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (b).


1. Which one set of letters when sequentially placed at the gaps in the given letter series completes it?
(a) ccba
(b) acba
(c) bccb
(d) bcab.

2. The number of letters skipped in between adjacent letters in the series is decreased by one. Which of the following series observes the rule?
(d) DIOSU.

3. In a certain language
1. PIC VIC NIC means ‘winter is cold’
2. TO NIC RE means ‘summer is hot’
3. RE THO PA means ‘nights are hot’
Which of the following is the code for ‘summer’?
(a) TO
(b) NIC
(c) PIC
(d) VIC.

4. If ASSIGN is coded as SAISNG then KIDNAP is code as

The answers are: 1. (d); 2. (b); 3. (a); 4. (a).


1. The temple at the religious site wears a deserted look with the number of devotees trickling down.
Which of the following can be a possible cause of the above effect?
(a) A structural engineer had visited the temple a month back and had declared the structure unsafe
(b) The temple is facing a drastic depletion of its funds which had accumulated over the years due to offerings made by devotees
(c) The local corporation decided to donate a huge amount of money to the temple for its renovation
(d) A famous actor recently visited the temple and paid his respects to the deity.

2. The income tax authorities carried out raids at three different business houses in the city last week.
Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above statement?
(a) The three business houses are regular defaulters in payment of their income tax
(b) The income tax department had received a tip off about the illegal activities going on in the three business houses
(c) The government decided to look into the matter and appointed an inquiry committee
(d) Other business houses took immediate action to clear off all their income tax dues in order to avoid a raid on their establishment.

The answers are: 1. (a); 2. (d).

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